Thursday, January 23, 2020

Sport And Aggressive Behavior Essay -- essays research papers fc

Sports and Aggressive Behavior Sport and aggressive behavior, Do sports create aggressive behavior, or simply attract people who are already aggressive? Aggression and sport have gone together as long as sports have been around, be it the players themselves, to the parents, coaches, or spectators, they just seem to be an inseparable part of each other. The term violence is defined as physical assault based on total disregard for the well being of self and others, or the intent to injure another person (2. Coakley). Intimidation usually does not cause physical harm, but often is designed to produce psychological consequences, enabling one person to physically over power or dominate another. These statements as defined by the author, Jay J. Coakley, is what people today have made a must part on sport. Pleasure and participation sports absolutely cannot be grouped with power and performance sports when in relation to aggression. Pleasure sports are simply played for pleasure. Score is usually not kept. The athletes p articipating are usually on occasion doing it for fun and exercise. A majority of athletes who have been playing sports since they were little, have probably been pounded into their heads that to be successful in sport, you need to be aggressive, and at some times, unnecessary. Also that to get what you want, you have to go at it with all force. Not that this is wrong but, this attitude in today's society has been a major problem factor to the athletes when they get older, to get into trouble with the law. Those long-term effects of so-called discipline, patterns develop these destructive behaviors. (9. Montague) Although some people are still in belief that aggressive behaviors in all forms are grounded into instincts, but they also relate these actions to sports. Their parents played, who were known for their aggressive behavior, so the child feels that they have to live up to that expectation.( 6. Storr) Athletes do have to be aggressive to a point, so that the team can form a st rategy to win. There is also a limit to aggression when it turns into violence. People might say that it's not aggression or violence, its just adrenaline pumping. Adrenaline isn't even similar to violence. Aggression, maybe, but nothing that would be harmful to anyone else. This might be a factor to why contact sports are so popular. For example, football, hockey, rugb... ...o suffer by an outcome that nobody wants to see, doing away with sports in general. Bibliography 1.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Aggression and Violence, social interactionists perspectives. , Richard B. Felson and James T. Tedeschi 1993 2.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Sport in Society, Issues and Controversies 6th edition, Jay J. Coakley 1998 3.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Anger, Madness, and the Daimaonic; the pyschologists genesis of Violence, evil and creativitiy. Stephen A. Diamond 1996 4.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  A History of Aggression Freud, Paul E. Stepansky 1977 5.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Violent Men; an inquiry into the pychology of violence, Hans Toch 1969 6.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Human Aggression, Anthony Storr 1968 7.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Creation of Deviance, Interpersonal and organized determinants, Richard Hawkins, Gary Fredman, 1975 8.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Power and Innocence, Rollo May 1972 9.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Man and Aggression, Ashley Montague 1968 10.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Adolescents and their Families, Paths of Ego Development, Stuart T. Hauser, Sally I. Powers, Gil G. Noam 1991

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Northern Rock Plc

Northern Rock Plc Contents Page 1Report2 1. 1Audit Committee and Auditors2 1. 2Experience:4 2Comparison5 2. 1Chief Executive and Chairman5 2. 2Audit Committee5 2. 3Risk Management Committee6 2. 4Remuneration & Nominations Committee6 3Chance of another failure6 4Conclusion:8 5References8 Report In this report I am going to highlight the weaknesses in the corporate governance code of Northern Rock that lead to its downfall. Audit Committee and AuditorsAccording to the UK Corporate governance code the board should set up formal and obvious arrangements bearing in mind how to apply the corporate reporting internal control, and risk management rules for keeping the right relationship with the company`s auditors. The board should make up an audit committee of at least three non executive directors in the case of smaller companies at least two NEDs. The chairman can be a member in smaller companies but cannot chair the committee unless he or she was considered independent on appointment as chairman.The board should make sure that at least one the member should have recent and relevant experience in the audit committee. The board’s responsibilities are to lay out all the terms in writing and monitor the financial statement of the company, to review the financial performance and reporting. It should also review internal financial control, risk management system if not in place separately to check the effectiveness and internal function of internal audit.The board should also be review and monitor the external auditors work their appointments and re appointments, their remunerations, and more importantly the non audit services should be checked very closely. In the case of Northern rock the board and the audit committee failed to implement the above mentioned guidelines. In July 2007 the chief executive published on the website that operationally Northern rock’s first half of 2007 was a good one. He mentioned that mortgage lending in particular was strong.I f that was the case then how did Northern Rock end up being nationalised in just over 7 months? Was someone checking and verifying the statements of the chief executive. The external auditor’s complacency was another issue. In their report of 2006 they gave a clean bill of health. This was later investigated by the House of Lords economic affairs committee which found that the auditors had performed their job carelessly. An effective audit committee could have spotted these problems well in advance.The reason for PWC’s complacency might either be because of the presence of Rosemary Radcliffe on the audit committee who was previously a partner of PWC or maybe they were providing other non audit services to the company and did not want to upset the board. As per the corporate governance code the number of audit committee’s members was according to the code but none of the NEDs had any financial experience. Nichola Pease had experience of fund management but not in the banking industry even that experience was not a recent one as required by the code.It seems that at Northern Rock the audit and risk committees were not taken very seriously as Rosemary Radcliffe only attended two out of four audit committee and one out of three risk committee meetings. Experience: Northern Rock appointed a Senior Independent Director with over half the board being non-executive directors- following the combined code 2 and Basel 2 recommendations. However none of the directors were experienced enough in the field of banking not even building society.This in fact does not support the idea of having good corporate governance as it does not ensure failure or success. The above factors raised questions as to why the company’s shareholders did not question the risky business model or was it because of outstanding profits seen as the reward for taking such risk. The remuneration committee can also be held responsible for the failure as both the chief executive and the company took on the gamble for the high risks which in turn questions the values of the shareholder and executive. As mentioned above there were so many factors involved . i. e. he lack of experience, the chairman of the board and nominations committee Dr Ridley had no prior financial experience and even the subject that he has studied is far different to the role he was responsible for. The other four non executive directors Fenwick, Gibson, Pease and Queen also did not have recent relevant experience. Sir Derek Wanless with a good education background but unfortunately with some negative history while working in NatWest where he got paid ? 3M having lead a disastrous acquisition strategy. If the company was aware of the history then why was he appointed as a chairman of the Audit and risk committee?All of the above points indicate that it was really poor corporate governance in place which neither of the committee paid attention or lack their experience in the case of chi ef executive`s appointment cannot be said that much as he was internally promoted it is sometimes good so he knew about the company from scratch to the top but in some case it is better to have an experience person from a different companies so that they can bring new ideas and innovation. The audit committee had to review what they have been there for the monitoring of the internal financial control, the services, remuneration, re appointments of the external auditors.If the corporate governance were strong in the company there would not be any mis representation of the financial reporting neither by the chief executive nor by the external auditors and also they would have known the consequence of the failure before it had happened. Comparison In this question I am going to compare the governance arrangements noted in the case study with the current version of the UK corporate Governance code. Northern rock had applied most of the governance code but there were some weaknesses in s ome of the areas. Chief Executive and ChairmanAs per the UK governance code the chief executive and the chairman should be separate, their re-appointment and remuneration will have to be approved by the board. In Northern Rock the above codes were applied properly. Chief executive and chairman were two different individuals and their appointment and re appointment were also approved by the board. Audit Committee As mentioned above Northern Rock’s audit committee failed to comply with the UK Corporate Governance code on more than one count which led to the auditors not performing their job properly. Audit committee should act as a watch dog in an organisation.Risk Management Committee UK corporate governance says that the board should conduct a review of the risk management committee’s effectiveness at least on a yearly basis. The review should cover almost everything including financial, operational and compliance controls and should be presented to the shareholders. L ooking at the timeline of collapse of Northern Rock it seems that the risk committee was not very effective in identifying risks faced by the organisation and hence failed to perform its duty properly which led to the collapse of UK’s 5th largest lender in within one year.Remuneration & Nominations Committee According to the UK corporate governance code the company should have a remuneration and a nomination committee which should determine the salaries of the board members and should nominate suitable individuals for appointment. The nomination committee should be made up of non executive directors who should be independent members of the committee. The chair or non executive director should chair the committee but he or she should not chair the committee when appointing the successor to the chairmanship.The committee should also evaluate the skills, experience and knowledge of the candidate when making recommendations. It seems that northern rock’s nomination committ ee failed in doing their job properly according to the UK corporate governance code. If they had fulfilled the above requirements in accordance to the UK code then the inexperience of the NEDs would have not been an issue. Chance of another failure Generally, organisations with relatively poor governance don’t succeed as uch as those with high standard corporate governance aided by investors. Northern Rock proved this statement when worries about corporate governance resulted in poor performance. This came about 4 years before it was nationalised when shareholders were concerned in the kind of bonuses which were being paid to executives. This develops another understanding about the theory that governance drives performance rather than performance driving governance. Non-executives improve performance and the balance between executives and non-executives is very vital.Considering both the internal and external factors affecting the failure of northern rock it was mainly cause d due to its internal disability of managing crisis. It was the very flawed legal regulation and the poor corporate governance of Northern Rock that let itself down during the tough mortgage crisis in the US. The business model of the company worked for a number of years but despite the risk involved the non-executive directors cared less of the actual risks to the company’s model.Lesson can be learnt from the Northern Rock fiasco by other businesses regardless of their size or profitability. If any business does not implement the corporate governance codes properly they are guaranteed to have problems sooner or later. Similar failure happened to the fourth largest American bank Lehman brothers due to poor corporate governance as their systems were very weak. The key areas of the failure were Corporate risk management, Board of directors, remuneration committee and nomination committee.The board of directors included nine retired four of them 75 years old one a theatre produc er and another navy admiral with no banking industry experience. In the board of directors the directors were paid well for their work each in the range $325,000 to $397,000 even after getting high return from the company they were not seriously taking care of the company due to having other responsibilities. Their risk management were also a failure because their executive committee the CRO and the CFO meeting were every week but instead they meet only twice in both 2006 and 2007 which was very outrageous.The failure of the remuneration committee was that only $1 billion were paid in cash bonuses in just matter of 8years which is a big failure. Other than that $500 million was paid to the chairman. Out of the ten board member four of them were 75 years old and only one had the recent knowledge of financial sector. If in the future any other bank or business will not make their corporate governance strong I am afraid there will be more cases like in the future. Conclusion: After all I have mentioned above it was a poor corporate governance that led the bank to failure.Northern rock had all sort of weaknesses in their corporate governance code it will be a good lesson for the other banks to learn if they have any sort of weaknesses in their corporate governance they should amend those before it will be too late. References 1. Treanor, J. (2008). Poor governance reduces profits, says ABI. Available: http://www. guardian. co. uk/business/2008/feb/27/executivesalaries. insurance. Last accessed 09 Feb 2013. 2. Roman A. Tomasic . (2009). Corporate Rescue, Governance and Risk Taking – Northern Rock and Its International Context.Available: http://papers. ssrn. com/sol3/papers. cfm? abstract_id=1417953. Last accessed 09 Feb 2013. 3. The Financial Reporting council. (2012). The UK Corporate Governance Code. Available: http://www. frc. org. uk/Our-Work/Publications/Corporate-Governance/UK- Corporate-Governance-Code-September-2012. aspx. Last accessed 09 Feb 2013. 4. Agha, M G and Qatinah, A. (). Lehman Brothers and Corporate Governance Failure. Available: http://www. slideshare. net/adnanqatinah1/lehman-brothers-case-study2. Last accessed 09 Feb 2013.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Social Interaction Via New Social Media Essay - 955 Words

Eileen Fischer and Rebecca Reuber (2011) in the article â€Å"Social Interaction via New Social Media: (How) Can Interactions on Twitter Affect Effectual Thinking and Behavior† talk about the role of Twitter in the effectuation process. The authors attempt to find out the impacts of Twitter on entrepreneurs who interact via the social site. The authors of the article investigate how effectuation processes are affected when entrepreneurs adopt Twitter in their business operations. According to the authors (2011) the use of Twitter in social interaction affects the effectual thinking and behavior of entrepreneurs. They also assert that interactions over Twitter can result in effectual understanding but the intensive use of interaction can cause effectual agitation. Additionally, Fischer and Reuber (2011) propose that perceived time affordability can be used to predict the extent to which entrepreneurs interact through Twitter. They also suggest that outcomes of these interaction s are controlled by norm adherence and orientation. The article’s central theme focuses on the use of Twitter by entrepreneurs and the question is the effect of Twitter interactions on effectual entrepreneurial thinking and action. In this article, the authors use an inductive theory-building methodology to develop suggestions related to how the effectuation process is affected during entrepreneur use of Twitter. The methodology used in the study produced findings that support theShow MoreRelatedSocial Networking: Is it Good for our Society?700 Words   |  3 PagesSocial Networking: Is it Good for our Society? In July 2012, Americans spent a total of 121.1 billion minutes on social networking sites (procon.org). Social networking has become a big part of people’s lives today. According to a December 2012 Nielson â€Å"Social Media Report†, 20% of time spent on a home computer is on social media while 30% of mobile Internet time is spent on social networking sites (procon.org). Sixdegrees.com, which ran from 1997-2001, was the first ever social networking site.Read MoreNetworking Systems1077 Words   |  5 PagesBy the development of new communication technologies, especially as Internet become widespread, various aspects of social, economic and political lives such as constitutional forming and societal interfaces have been considerably changed. Apart from this, as Turkle (1999) also claimed; A rapidly expanding system of networks, collectively known as the Internet, links millions of people together in new spaces that are changing the way we think, the nature of our sexuality, the form of communities,Read MoreThe Impact of Social Media on Online Dating1131 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿How is Social Media Changing Online Dating? 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Monday, December 30, 2019

The Social Commentary And Style Within Fahrenheit 451

With gains comes loss. As the world becomes to tear apart, so do the inhabitants. With this imperfection comes the meaning of life. Through all the flaws, man’s perfection and ability to succeed appears. Man is given the choice of good over evil and love over hatred. Without the ability to choose, the freedom of life dissipates. There are many genres of writing that authors utilize, but the dystopian genre stands out the most. Dystopias take what is wrong with a modern society and emphasize it in the work. The authors of dystopian stories places the problem in a possible alternate universe. It makes the current course of action worse than it actually is, to foreshadow issues towards a misguided society while warning citizens to rebel against things similar to a overcontrolled society. These literary works have detailed imagery and great use of diction while also emphasizing the dark society to show the readers that the people think their society is perfect but it is actually t he opposite. Part 1: The Social Commentary and Style within Fahrenheit 451 First off, an example of dystopian literature is Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451. In the novel, Bradbury illustrates a society without the freedom of intellectual thinking from literature and replaces it with artificial entertainment. People in the society lack compassion or quality of a meaningful life, leaving most of them unsatisfied or depressed. One of the main characters in the novel, Mildred, is an overall example of theShow MoreRelatedThe Social Commentary And Style Within Fahrenheit 4511228 Words   |  5 Pagesthem being style. The style that the author uses reveals what the social commentary is to the readers. Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, Ally Condie’s Matched, and Wes Ball’s Maze Runner: Scorch Trials, all demonstrate a dystopia where people within the book are controlled to live a life that’s not theirs. The stylistic methods that both authors use to provide a way to warn their readers about what might happen in the future, a future t hat reflects their behavior. Part 1: The Social Commentary and StyleRead MoreThe Dystopian Novel Of Literature2214 Words   |  9 Pagestheir needs to be a concrete style to go with them. Most of these books have usually one of two different styles. Either dark and gloomy to the point out how flawed the society is and the horrible state that people have to live in, or have an overly positive and ‘perfect’ described society where people are brainwashed into thinking everything is just fine, but it is quite in fact the opposite. And the most part important of all dystopian literature is their social commentary (however other genres canRead MoreRay Bradbury s Fahrenheit 4512323 Words   |  10 PagesPicture a world where one must meet the expectations of being normal, where diversity is not accepted, or even worse, a detached society where emotions no longer exist. By reading the first few pages of Fahrenheit 451, readers immediately get the feeling of a dystopian society. Firemen creating fires, in stead of extinguishing them, and technology that has taken their society to a whole new level of entertainment. These are exaggerated ideas right off the bat, yet Ray Bradbury carries the readersRead MoreThe Space Race And It s Overall Support From The General Public1858 Words   |  8 Pagesit was enforced in places such as Nazi Germany. It had touched upon a nerve that lies deep within all American authors, and is one of the few most prevalent idiosyncrasies in American literature over all time periods, and that is the infinite desire for civil rights and freedom. Once the United States had seceded from Great Britain, it took years for Americans to differentiate themselves from the writing style that they had been so used to before. The country was so young at that point that until theRead More Samuel Richardsons Novel Pamela Essays4442 Words   |  18 PagesRichardsons Novel Pamela In his novel, Pamela, Samuel Richardson suggests something that would have been considered ludicrous at the time in which his novel was published – he proposes that men should choose their wives not for their money or social standing, but for their virtue. He then makes yet another shocking suggestion by implying that the only way in which members of the upper class can learn to be virtuous is via the lower class. That is, he suggests that the lower class must teach The Social Commentary And Style Within Fahrenheit 451 Imagine a world where the government controls everything. A world where the citizens of a society is told what to wear, what to eat, who to marry, when to die, and etc. A society where technology is advanced, such as the speed of cars and the type of trains. A place where laws are strictly taken into place and people follow them without hesitations. There are numerous of ways to make a great dystopian, one of them being style. The style that the author uses reveals what the social commentary is to the readers. Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, Ally Condie’s Matched, and Wes Ball’s Maze Runner: Scorch Trials, all demonstrate a dystopia where people within the book are controlled to live a life that’s not theirs. The stylistic methods that both authors use to provide a way to warn their readers about what might happen in the future, a future that reflects their behavior. Part 1: The Social Commentary and Style within Fahrenheit 451 In Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury discusses the lack of interest in reading books and how the advancement of technology contributed to the lifestyle of the population. This world that Bradbury exhibits in Fahrenheit 451 lacks the interest of books. With advancement of technology: wall tvs, cars that go 150 mph at least, and even education is affected; the children learn from a tv. New technology has declined the popularity in reading so much that it was against the law to read altogether. â€Å"There was no longer need of firemen for the old purposes.Show MoreRelatedThe Social Commentary And Style Within Fahrenheit 4511825 Words   |  8 Pagesimagery and great use of diction while also emphasizing the dark society to show the readers that the people think their society is perfect but it is actually the opposite. Part 1: The Social Commentary and Style within Fahrenheit 451 First off, an example of dystopian literature is Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451. In the novel, Bradbury illustrates a society without the freedom of intellectual thinking from literature and replaces it with artificial entertainment. People in the society lack compassionRead MoreThe Dystopian Novel Of Literature2214 Words   |  9 Pagestheir needs to be a concrete style to go with them. Most of these books have usually one of two different styles. Either dark and gloomy to the point out how flawed the society is and the horrible state that people have to live in, or have an overly positive and ‘perfect’ described society where people are brainwashed into thinking everything is just fine, but it is quite in fact the opposite. And the most part important of all dystopian literature is their social commentary (however other genres canRead MoreRay Bradbury s Fahrenheit 4512323 Words   |  10 PagesPicture a world where one must meet the expectations of being normal , where diversity is not accepted, or even worse, a detached society where emotions no longer exist. By reading the first few pages of Fahrenheit 451, readers immediately get the feeling of a dystopian society. Firemen creating fires, instead of extinguishing them, and technology that has taken their society to a whole new level of entertainment. These are exaggerated ideas right off the bat, yet Ray Bradbury carries the readersRead MoreThe Space Race And It s Overall Support From The General Public1858 Words   |  8 Pagesit was enforced in places such as Nazi Germany. It had touched upon a nerve that lies deep within all American authors, and is one of the few most prevalent idiosyncrasies in American literature over all time periods, and that is the infinite desire for civil rights and freedom. Once the United States had seceded from Great Britain, it took years for Americans to differentiate themselves from the writing style that they had been so used to before. The country wa s so young at that point that until theRead More Samuel Richardsons Novel Pamela Essays4442 Words   |  18 PagesRichardsons Novel Pamela In his novel, Pamela, Samuel Richardson suggests something that would have been considered ludicrous at the time in which his novel was published – he proposes that men should choose their wives not for their money or social standing, but for their virtue. He then makes yet another shocking suggestion by implying that the only way in which members of the upper class can learn to be virtuous is via the lower class. That is, he suggests that the lower class must teach

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Personal Interpretation Of The Bible - 868 Words

In my opinion, personal interpretation of the Bible is a crucial aspect of having a meaningful relationship with God. Our individual interpretations are different because our relationships with God are all different. Part of our fellowship as Christians is being able to learn from each other, and that would be impossible if we all thought and understood God in exactly the same way. These different interpretations of the Bible allow us to grow in our beliefs, and creates more meaningful communities within the Body of Christ. I think that this idea is highlighted in I Corinthians 11:4-16. In this passage, God instructs His people on how men and women should dress, and explains why women should keep their heads covered while men should keep their heads uncovered. One way of reading this passage is to take it literally. In extremely conservative forms of Christianity, these verses are followed literally. The implications of this practice can be seen in general society today as well, for example, the fact that removing your hat is considered a sign of respect in Western society. Liberal denominations often chafe at the concept of women being required to submit to men, however, I believe that this passage has a different meaning when taken in context. If you read further in chapter 11, God also commands men to love their wife as they love their own flesh. God defines marriage as a covenant between a man and woman, and, because of that covenant, they like one person in God’sShow MoreRelatedBible as the Inspired Word of God Essay1103 Words   |  5 PagesBible as the Inspired Word of God The Bible is the work of various authors, who lived in different continents and wrote in different eras. Furthermore, much of the text does not claim to have been dictated by God and is not always God speaking to people. In parts it consists of people speaking to God, as in the Psalms, and people speaking to people, as in the New Testament letters written by Paul. In light of this, some maintain that it is not possible to treat theRead MoreWilliam Patton, An Abolitionist And Reverend937 Words   |  4 Pagesagainst the idea of Christianity supporting slavery which he laid out in his 1846 book â€Å"Slavery, the Bible, Infidelity†. His first argument, was that God could never support because, in simple terms, â€Å"God is just, and that slaveholding is unjust† (Patton, 6). Supporting this idea, Patton quotes Thomas Jefferson in saying in response of proslavery rhetoric, that â€Å"If your interpretation of the Bible be correct,it cannot be the word of God—for it gives him a character the very reverse of that which reasonRead MoreExplain the Purpose of Hermeneutics1564 Words   |  7 PagesBiblical Interpretation can be achieved in three ways; historically, the message and the doctrine. The Bible is totally authoritive and inspired by God, however is it propositional or not? To be propositional means that God reveals certain truths at which we respond in accepting these truths. These certain truths may be found in scripture, creeds and or the teachings of the church. Non-propositional approach emphasise God revealing himself at which we respond with faith being a personal belief inRead MoreBebbington on Evangelicalism1266 Words   |  5 Pagesdenominations and movements. Bebbingtons definition should fit with any church that defines itself as evangelical, but what about a modern non-denominational bible church meets that definition? Also what does Bebbingtons definition say about the pre-bible belt Baptist movement in colonial America? If both a modern non-denominational bible church and a pre-bible belt baptist movement meet the definition set forth by Bebbington, then they should have some meaningful connection. However, that connection betweenRead MoreWhat Paul, The Apostle Of Jesus1027 Words   |  5 Pagesthey are quick to share their views that the Bible has errors and that it had been written by the will of men, and/or that only the original copies are considered as Scriptures. Additionally, many people feel that the Bible used during Paul’s time, is not the Bible which is in circulation today. It is very important for a person’s theology to be governed by Scripture and placed at the center of their lives so that they can gain the knowledge from the Bible that is needed to make right decisions inRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Old Testament Survey II By Robert H. Stein1436 Words   |  6 Pages May 10, 2017 Critical Book Review of Robert H. Stein’s A Basic Guide to Interpreting the Bible: Playing by the Rules. Biographical Sketch of the Author Stein gives a good discourse of available tools one might use to properly understand God’s Word that will be helpful to the learner’s task. If fact, he states in the Preface, â€Å"The basic goal of interpreting the Bible and other written texts should be to understand what their authors consciously sought to convey by what theyRead MoreEducation And Spiritual Growth : Colorado Christian University807 Words   |  4 PagesColorado Christian University has been a building stone in my educational and spiritual growth. The course Interpreting the Bible (BIB 230) is no exception to this concept in furthering my knowledge. It challenged me to think critically about the passages I am reading and to look at each word that the author uses. Learning to interpret the Bible takes a lot of research and many hours of reading the scriptures to comprehend how God is speaking through each author, which this course strengthened thoseRead MoreThe, Matthew, And The Quran1503 Words   |  7 PagesOur Interpretation is Our Reality When an author begins to write a book they usually have a certain purpose in mind. They might want to convey a message or simply entertain their reader. In the three Abrahamic texts that we read; Genesis, Matthew, and the Quran, some would argue that the author s purpose was to create a blueprint for how humans should live their lives; a rather daunting and consequential task. The main problem is written text, and especially text that was written in 1,400 BC,Read MoreThe Ten Avenues Of Revelation1218 Words   |  5 PagesThe ten avenues of Revelation are: â€Å"The Lot, The Urim and Thummim, Dreams, Visions, Theophanies, Angels, Prophets, Events, Jesus Christ and The Bible.†1 The Lot is used as a form of communication from God to man. Lots were stones which were used that were casted to make decisions and one sees this where God makes the final outcome of these lots which are casted. The Urim and Thummim were gemstones that were carried on the high priest s breastplate and us ed as lots to make decisions on situationsRead MoreChristian Foundations By: Kathleen Fischer Thomas Hart1731 Words   |  7 Pagesand Thomas Hart gives an interpretation on faith in our time. Many people would question the definition of faith. Faith is a gift, which is given by God to have trust in him and belief in him. This book is a great entry in anyones life that has speculation on his or her own faith. The book has many ways into understanding ones own religion. It discusses the Bible, Jesus, Church, Gods existence and Images of God. All of these chapters helped me get a better interpretation of what my religion entailed

Friday, December 13, 2019

The ABCD Rule Detecting the Symptoms of Skin Cancer Free Essays

Mary noticed a large, brown spot on her skin. She has been playing tennis in the sun for several years without sun protection. She reported the discovery to a friend, who told her to apply the ABCD rule to determine whether or not she had malignant melanoma. We will write a custom essay sample on The ABCD Rule: Detecting the Symptoms of Skin Cancer or any similar topic only for you Order Now Her friend told her that if her answer was â€Å"no† to the questions that were asked by the ABCD rule, she had nothing to worry about. What is the ABCD rule and should she ignore the spot if her answers are negative? My Mom had skin cancer, so I learned as much as I could about it. I knew the very basics from working in the hospital but as a respiratory therapist my knowledge was limited. The ABCD rule is a simple method by which an individual can screen themselves, friends and family members for melanomas. A is for Asymmetry. If you find a mole and draw an imaginary line through it both sides should look the same, if they do not than that mole would be considered asymmetrical. B is for the border. When looking at a suspicious mole the outline or edges of the mole should be smooth with the skin, if they are raised, blurry or irregular in any way it would be considered an irregular border. C is for the color of a mole. If the color of your moles or a mole has changed it would be cause for concern. For example if you have a tan mole that you have had since you were ten and it turned black, or patchy or even red you would have reason for concern. D is for diameter. Moles should not be greater than I believe 5 or 6 millimeters. If a mole has grown in size many times it will be accompanied by one of the other letters A, B or C. Any of these abnormalities in moles need to be addressed by a physician the sooner the better. If Mary were my friend and she were able to answer no to the ABCD melanoma questions I would still encourage her to make an appointment with her physician.Skin cancer can appear anywhere on the body, moles are not the only site for skin cancer. It is for this reason I would still be concerned for Mary. It is a new spot, and it is large and brown. This â€Å"new† large brown spot on Mary’s skin could be the very early stages of malignant melanoma and could be removed and biopsied by her physician. Another reason I would be suspicious of this brown spot on Mary’s skin is the amount of time she has spent in the sun without protection. I am going to say that Mary’s friend that told her not to worry about it is not looking out for Mary’s best interests.Perhaps she wants Mary out of the Tennis Club Championship so her chances of winning are better? It is important for everyone to know how to screen themselves for many things. The ABCD’s of skin cancer are well known to my family, especially my children. They get quite tired of me looking at their moles routinely. We have lived in Arizona for 18 years and we love the outdoors, so exposure to the Sun’s harmful rays is unavoidable even with sunscreen there is going to be some damage. Being aware of what your bodies normal are can literally save your life.My Mom had a large melanoma on her shoulder, and watching her go through the treatment was painful. She was lucky, as she survived and still golfs just about every day. 2. What is the importance of membranes in the body? What are the three types of membranes? Compare and contrast each type. What homeostatic imbalances may occur relating to membranes, and what are their implications? Membranes are important to the body because they cover body surfaces, line body cavities and act as a protective covering for organs they can also provide lubrication that allows an organ to rub against another organ without causing harm.There are three types of membranes in the human body; serous, cutaneous and mucous. There is a fourth membrane which is synovial it it different from the other three in that it is composed entirely of connective tissue whereas the other three are composed of both connective and epithelial tissues. Each of them plays their own role in maintaining the bodies’ homeostatic balance keeping us healthy and alive. Serous membranes make up the lining of the closed ventral cavities. It’s main purpose is to prevent and or reduce friction between internal organs.It consists of two layers the visceral which covers the outside of an organ and the parietal l ayer which lines a body cavity. An example of this would be lungs. They have both a visceral and parietal layer and lining. This allows for the lungs to expand and deflate with inhalation and exhalation. The serous membrane of the lungs prevents them from creating friction with the heart and diaphragm. A good example of a homeostatic imbalance of the serous membrane is a pneumothorax. There a different types of pneumothorax’ for my example I will use a traumatic pneumothorax, which could be the result of being stabbed.Blood can fill up in the serous membrane of the lung which will cause it to collapse, when this happens it becomes extremely difficult and painful for the patient to breath. If left untreated it can be fatal, the patient go into respiratory failure and can bleed to death. A chest tube needs to be inserted to allow the blood and or air to drain out thereby re-inflating the lung and allowing the patient to breath. I have seen these when I worked in a trauma center, and have assisted with the insertion of a chest tube it is not pretty and often done quickly.Serous membranes are vital to life, and upsetting them or destroying them can lead to painful or even fatal consequences. Cutaneous membranes are our â€Å"suits† they cover our bodies and make them appealing to look at. Of course they have more important functions than looking good. The cutaneous membrane functions to protect us from chemical, thermal and bacterial damage. It is our raincoat so to speak and aids in the regulation of body temperature. The receptors in our cutaneous membranes alert us when we are in contact with hot, cold or sharp things and give us time to get away from the danger.When I curl my hair and the iron just brushes up against my neck I instantly feel the hot and pull the iron away, usually spilling my coffee which can land on my feet which can cause me to jump back. Many things can and will upset our bodies homeostatic balance if our Cutaneous membranes are damaged. One such example would be a cactus needles. Last month we had a four year old come in to the ER, she fell into a cactus I cannot remember what kind but there were literally hundreds of cactus needles in her back and arms.Pulling them out one at a time was not going to work. The doctor had seen on â€Å"Real stories of the ER† a similar situation where they used hair wax remover to pull them out. Surprisingly it worked; of course the girl was sedated with ketamine. The parents were not sedated and Mom passed out. If left in the girls skin, they would most likely have become infected and she could have ended up one sick little girl. The cutaneous membrane does what it can to protect us from outside invaders, but it can only do so much and sometimes it fails.Another example is a preterm baby when they are delivered one of our major concerns is their body temperature; we need to get them warm and keep them warm. We initially wipe of the material left on them from the delivery and continuously changed the blankets they are wrapped in with warm ones. Their skin is not developed enough to keep body heat in, so we have to provide a second skin until they are stable and in an incubator. Mucous membranes, these I know well. They serve to excrete mucous in the respiratory digestive and urogenital tracts.If we are unable to secrete mucous, it can create all kinds of havoc on our bodies. When a patient is intubated and placed on a ventilator they are unable clear their own mucous secretions and it is imperative that we do it for them. We use inline suction; simply put we advance a suction catheter down their trachea just to the carina stimulating a cough and then pull back the catheter while suctioning the mucous out. If this is not done enough a patient can end up with what we call Ventilator Acquired Pneumonia. This can be fatal or at the very least extend their stay in the ICU.Keeping a patient’s lungs clear of mucous is essential to their recovery. Synovial membranes serve to provide movement in our joints, by producing synovial fluid that reduces friction between moveable joints. Unlike the other three membranes that were discussed, synovial membranes are composed of only connective tissue. I have gained a new appreciation of my synovial membranes, specifically those located in my lumbar spine. Friday I had to go in and have a spinal ablation done because my synovial membranes are not doing their job and thereby causing my excruciating back pain.Friction in any joint or lack of synovial fluid can cause bone on bone rubbing which can destroy joints, and gravely limit a person’s ability to move around independently. The membranes that cover our bodies inside and out play a vital role in maintain our homeostatic balance and allowing us to live life to the fullest. Any upset in these membranes can carry some pretty serious consequences and it is important both as a health care professional and a Mom to have the knowledge necessary to identify when there is a problem be able to assess it and put a plan of care into action to regain homeostasis. How to cite The ABCD Rule: Detecting the Symptoms of Skin Cancer, Papers

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Business Law Misrepresentation Law

Question: Define the Business Law for Misrepresentation Law. Answer: Issue: (Tom and Steve) Based on the facts, the issue that arises here is whether Steve can be held liable for misrepresentation of facts in the contract and whether the contract between Steve and Tom is voidable or not? Relevant Rule There have been many cases in the contract law that relates to contract formation and breach of contract. To make a distinction between a valid contract and an invalid contract it is important to determine the existence of the formalities needed to make a contract valid. For making a contract enforceable in the eyes of law, offer, acceptance, consideration and legal capacity of a contract should be determined. If these elements are present, a contract becomes valid. However, there are certain situations that make a contract voidable, such as misrepresentation, fraud or coercion. Misrepresentation means stating facts of the case in a wrongful manner, to such an extent, that the other party enters into a contract depending on the facts that were stated to him. Misrepresentation makes the contract voidable if the person suffers a loss or harm resultantly (Furmston et al., 2012). Application: In the case of Tom and Steve, the contract may become voidable at the option of Tom, as he was the one who suffered loss of 5000 dollars profit per day. Steve gives assurance to Tom that his truck is capable of carrying 12 tons of cargo. He does not check with the specifications and gives assurance to Tom. Conclusion: The legal position in the case of Steve is not strong and if Tom wishes, he may make the contract voidable that is either reject the contract or affirm the same. Issue: (Steve and Pamela) Based on the facts, the issue that shall be discussed here is, whether Steve shall be liable for non-performance of contractual obligation to Pamela. Relevant Rules: If one of the parties to the contract, voluntarily performs an act, and the other party makes a promise that based on the voluntary action of the person, such a consideration shall be deemed to be past. For example, A voluntarily gives lift to B on his car. At the time of arriving B promises that he shall pay 15 pounds to A. However, later B fails. This is a non-enforceable consideration as it took place in the past (Schwartz Scott, 2016). However, there are exceptions to the simple rule of past consideration such as: Request Business transactions If the act of the party is done at the request of the other party to the contract then the contract shall based on past consideration and it shall make the contract enforceable. Likewise, even in business transactions the contract, even if on past consideration, shall be considered as enforceable (Burrows, 2016). Application: In the case of Steve and Pamela the contract between them becomes non-enforceable as it was done voluntarily and not at the request of Steve. If Steve would have requested Pamela to water his garden in his absence, the contract could have become enforceable. However, since Pamela on her own wish watered his garden and Steve failed to act on his promise, the contract cannot be enforced later. Conclusion: The legal position of Steve, in this case is strong as his contract is not enforceable and he shall not be considered liable for non-performance of contractual obligation. Issue (Steve and Danny): Depending on the facts provided in the case study, the issue that shall be discussed here is, whether the contract becomes non-enforceable on the doctrine of frustration. Relevant Rules: If any event takes place that is beyond the control of parties to the contract and if due to the occurrence of such an act, it becomes impossible to fulfil the contractual obligations then the contract is discharged and none of the parties can be held liable for non-performance. In the case of Taylor v. Caldwell, the Court opined that it was important for the existence of the music hall for the parties to fulfil their contractual obligations. Since the music hall was destroyed the contract was discharged making none of the parties liable. This is called doctrine of frustration (Campbell, 2014). Application: In the case of Danny and Steve also the subject matter of the contract was destroyed, that is, Toyota Corolla. The destruction of the car was beyond the control of both the parties to the contract and none of the parties to the contract was aware about the destruction. Thus, the contract between Danny and Steve was discharged due to destruction of the subject matter of the contract. Conclusion: The legal position of Steve in this case is strong as the contract was discharged between them due to destruction of subject matter of the contract. Issue (Steve and Cool It Aircon Ltd): Based on the facts, the issue that arises here is, whether Steve can be held liable for non-performance of contractual obligation and can the contract be enforced on Steve. Relevant Rules: As per the receipt rule of contract law, an offer is said to complete its stage of acceptance, the moment the accepted is faxed to the other person, even if it does not reach the offeror or the offeree sends it by mistake. The contract shall become enforceable the moment the acceptance is posted. The offeror often use the defence that he was unaware of the acceptance that was faxed to him or that he did not receive it, likewise, the offeree may also use the defence that he faxed the acceptance by mistake (McKendrick, 2014). Under both the circumstances, the contract becomes enforceable as acceptance was duly carried out (Adams v. Lindsell). Application: Applying the receipt rule in the case of Steve and Trisha, one may conclude that the contract that existed between them was enforceable as the stage of offer and acceptance was carried out formally. Though, Steve sent his acceptance by mistake, the contract shall be enforceable as Trisha acted on the belief that the offer is accepted by Steve. Thus, in this case, Steve is bound by contractual obligations that existed between Trisha and Steve Conclusion: In this case, the legal position of Steve is not strong, as he has to perform his contractual obligations even if the acceptance was posted by mistake. References: Burrows, A. (2016).A Restatement of the English Law of Contract. Oxford University Press. Campbell, D. (2014). Review of C. Mitchell, Contract law and contract practice.Law Quarterly Review,130, 526-529. Furmston, M. P., Cheshire, G. C., Fifoot, C. H. S. (2012).Cheshire, Fifoot and Furmston's law of contract. Oxford University Press. Kenny, C. S. (2014).A Selection of Cases Illustrative of the Law of Contract. Cambridge University Press. McKendrick, E. (2014).Contract law: text, cases, and materials. Oxford University Press (UK). Schwartz, A., Scott, R. E. (2016). The Common Law of Contract and the Default Rule Project.Virginia Law Review, Forthcoming.